Individual Analysis OCS

Transcription OCS

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Results of The Findings – Friends of Respondents

In the questionnaires that I have posted in the previous entry, I have categorized the answers according to “The Big Five Domain Personality”. If they chose the first answer they are categorize as the ‘Openness to Experience’, if they chose they second answer they are categorize as ‘Conscientiousness’, if they chose the third answer they are categorized as ‘Extroversion’, if they chose the fourth answer they are categorized as ‘Agreeableness’ and if they chose the last answer they are categorized as ‘Neuroticism’.

The questionnaire is not only answered by the respondent, but also the friends of the respondents. This need to be done as to strengthen my first prediction towards the respondent and from this we cam also know whether the friends of the respondent really knows their friend. It is just the same question that I’ve given to the respondent but change the pronouns from ‘I’ to ‘he/she’.

Findings – Friends of Respondents

Friend of Respondent 1

The friend of respondent 1 had put the fourth answers the most in her questionnaire. This had proven that respondent 1′s answers in the questionnaire is similar with his friends answer, which was; respondent 1 is categorized in the “cooperative, helpful and nurturing” category.

Friend of Respondent 2

After analysing the answers in the questionnaire that I’ve given to the friend of respondent 2, I realized that the answers are mostly the first and the second. This has proven that respondent 2, has two different personalities and they are openness to experience and conscientiousness. Again, the friend’s answers are the same with the respondent answer. Sadly, my assumption towards the respondent is wrong.

Friend of Respondent 3

Based on the Respondent 3′s friend answers towards the questionnaire, he answered mostly the first and the third, and this makes my assumption tallies with the respondent 3′s answers. As a conclusion, respondent 3 is in the “extroversion” personality.

Friend of Respondent 4

Friend of Respondent 4’s answers are the same with respondent 4′s answers, which is mostly third and fourth. The friends of the respondent knows really well about his friend. This automatically makes respondent 4, have both the “Agreeableness” and “Extrovert” personality.

Friend of Respondent 5

Based on the last analysis about the friend of respondent 5, he had answered the  fourth answer the most and same goes with respondent 5′s answers. This had proven me wrong where my prediction towards respondent 5 is  neurotic personality. This means that, according to answers of friend of respondent 5, respondent 5 has the “agreeableness” personality.

Conclusion

After identifying all the answers in the questionnaire that I can sum up that;

From this findings, I found out that we cannot judge people just based on his/her postings on the Facebook without knowing who they really are. Its true that when we read his/her postings we can automatically say that this person has this type of personality but when I’m assigned to make a research about the big five domain personality towards 5 respondent that i had chose, everything had proven me wrong. We cannot just assume or judge the personality they had until we really know them in and out.

As what I predicted Respondent 1 is an Openness to Experience but based on the findings, both respondent and the friend of the respondent had proven me wrong. This shows that my assumption is wrong and the respondent had fallen into the Agreeableness personality.

I had assume that Respondent 2 has the Conscientiousness personality but what I had found is that both respondent and the friend of the respondent had different personality and they are balance between Agreeableness and Conscientiousness personality.

Respondent 3 I had assume that he has Extroversion personality, and what I found is that the friend of the respondent’s answers tallies wit my assumption. Respondent 3 indeed has the has Extroversion personality.

What I predicted is that respondent 4 has an Agreeableness personality. Based on the friend of the respondent’s answer it shows that respondent 4 is indeed an Agreeableness and Extrovert personality.

The last category is the Neuroticism which I predicted the respondent 5 will have this. But after giving away the questionnaire to the friends of the respondent, my assumption proves me wrong because the answer tallies with the respondent himself, and this means that respondent 5 had fallen into Agreeableness personality.

Results of the Findings – Respondents

In the questionnaires that I have posted in the previous entry, I have categorized the answers according to “The Big Five Domain Personality”. If they chose the first answer they are categorize as the ‘Openness to Experience’, if they chose they second answer they are categorize as ‘Conscientiousness’, if they chose the third answer they are categorized as ‘Extroversion’, if they chose the fourth answer they are categorized as ‘Agreeableness’ and if they chose the last answer they are categorized as ‘Neuroticism’

Results – Respondents

Respondent 1

I had predicted that Respondent 1 is categorized in the ‘openness to experience’ personality based on his Facebook postings. But after answering the questionnaire, his answers are equally balanced between the third and fourth answer. This has proven that his personalities are both Extrovert and Agreeableness. After analysing his answer, he can be categorized in both Extrovert and Agreeableness personalities.

Respondent 2

I had make an assumption that Respondent 2 is categorized in the conscientiousness personality based on his Facebook postings. But what i had found is that after identifying his answer towards the questionnaire is all contrast. His answer has both the first and the second answer. This has shows that he had fallen under the organized, responsible and persevering personalities. When he always shares quotes like; “Don’t be afraid to CHANGE. U may lose something good but U may gain SOMETHING BETTER.” That gives a spirit towards other and also; “Obstacles can’t Stop U, Problem can’t Stop U, Most of all Other People can’t Stop U, The Only 1 Who Stop U is YOURSELF.” which  shows that he is a perseverance kind of person.

Respondent 3

Based on what I had in my research about respondent 3, my prediction towards respondent 3 is that he has Extrovert personality. After giving out the survey for him to answer, my prediction about his personality is right as his answers are mostly the third answer. So I can conclude that respondent 3 is an amicable, assertive and outgoing type of person.

Respondent 4

For fourth respondent, I assume that he has the agreeableness personality as his postings had always been the precious thought towards Islam and he always share the thing that makes us ponder and think about it and also beneficial. After analysing the answer in the questionnaire, my assumption towards respondent 4 is indeed he had the agreeableness personality. As the respondent answered mostly the fourth answer. In my opinion, the respondent is in fact, is a peace-keeper and optimistic person. He always shares everything that can benefit others.

Respondent 5

I had made my early assumption towards the last respondent, which is respondent 5, is that he has a neurotic personality after reading his posts that he shares on Facebook. After giving out the questionnaire to the respondent, I realized that me assumption is not correct. Because his answers are mostly the fourth answer which made he fall to the fourth category; agreeableness. So my conclusion towards respondent 5 is that he maybe neurotic in his postings on his Facebook but when it comes to a serious kind of thing he can be very helpful, cooperative and nurturing.

Conclusion

All in all, using Survey Monkey to create your own questionnaire had thought me how to identify ones personality. After analysing all 5 respondents, I have found that Respondent 3 and 4 have the same personality between his postings in Facebook with his true personality. Respondents 1 and 5 have the opposite personality. While respondent 2 are the opposite of my assumptions.

The Personality Test

By using SurveyMonkey software, i have succesfully created an online survey for the respondent and also for the friend of the respondent too. This surveys are created to determine what is the personality of the respondent.

Below are the question that i have asked them in the questionnaire.

Personality test – Respondent


Personality test – Respondent’s Friend

Concordance Exercise

A. Word List

Word

Frequency

Freedom 20
Negro 14
Ring 12
Dream 11
Nation 11
Come 10
Justice 8
Satisfied 8
Faith 5
Great 5

TABLE OF FREQUENCY

Based on the above table, it shows the frequencies of the words used in the speech by Dr. Martin Luther King.

1. FREEDOM (noun)

The word ‘freedom’ has been used 20 times in this speech as freedom is one of the themes of the speech. Martin Luther King is stressing about the freedom they longing. These are the examples of the word ‘freedom’ used in his speech:

1) I am happy to join with you today in what will go down in history as the greatest demonstration for freedom in the history of our nation. (Paragraph 1)

2) Let us not seek to satisfy our thirst for freedom by drinking from the cup of bitterness and hatred. (Paragraph 8)

3) With this faith, we will be able to work together, to pray together, to struggle together, to go to jail together, to stand up for freedom together, knowing that we will be free one day. (Paragraph 22)

2. NEGRO (noun)

The word ‘negro’ has been used 14 times in the speech. As the speech is about the freedom of the ‘Negros’, King repeats the word in order to remind the audience. These are the examples for the use of the word ‘Negro’ :

1) But one hundred years later, the Negro still is not free. (Paragraph 3)

2) One hundred years later, the life of the Negro is still sadly crippled by the manacles of segregation and the chains of discrimination. (Paragraph 3)

3) One hundred years later, the Negro lives on a lonely island of poverty in the midst of a vast ocean of material prosperity. (Paragraph 3)

3. RING (verb)

The word ‘ring’ has been used 12 times in the speech. It always followed by the word ‘freedom’ to show the hope of the freedom itself. These are the examples for the use of the word ‘ring’ :

1) Let freedom ring from the snow-capped Rockies of Colorado! (paragraph 25)

2) Let freedom ring from the curvaceous slopes of California! (paragraph 26)

3) Let freedom ring from Lookout Mountain of Tennessee! (paragraph 28)

4. DREAM (noun)

The word ‘dream’ has been used 11 times in the speech. It has been used together with the phrase ; ‘I have a dream’. King uses the word of ‘dream’ to replace the hope to get the freedom and the hope for the future. These are the examples for the use of the word ‘dream’ :

1) I still have a dream. It is a dream deeply rooted in the American dream. (Paragraph 13)

2) I have a dream that one day this nation will rise up and live out the true meaning of its creed:…  (Paragraph 14)

3) I have a dream today! (Paragraph 18)

5. NATION (noun)

The word ‘nation’ has been used 11 times in the speech. The ‘nation’ refers to the place or land where King hopes for the justice to be given to all the ‘owners of the land’. These are the examples for the use of the word ‘nation’ :

1) In a sense we’ve come to our nation’s capital to cash a check. (Paragraph 4)

2) We refuse to believe that there are insufficient funds in the great vaults of opportunity of this nation. (Paragraph 5)

3) The whirlwinds of revolt will continue to shake the foundations of our nation until the bright day of justice emerges. (Paragraph 6)

6. COME (verb)

The word ‘come’ has been used for 10 times in the speech. It has the meanings of ‘moving forwards’ or ‘arrives or happens’ based on the structure of the sentences. These are the examples for the use of the word ‘come’ :

1) In a sense we’ve come to our nation’s capital to cash a check. (Paragraph 4)

2) We have also come to this hallowed spot to remind America of the fierce urgency of Now. (paragraph 5)

3) And they have come to realize that their freedom is inextricably bound to our freedom.(paragraph 8)

7. JUSTICE (noun)

The word ‘justice’ has been used 8 times in the speech. It is used to show the hope and dream of the black people from being segregate. King wants the justice to be given to all blacks and they will not be judge by the color of their skin but by the content of their character and to be treated fairly. These are the examples for the use of the word ‘justice’:

1) And so, we’ve come to cash this check, a check that will give us upon demand the riches of freedom and the security of justice. (Paragraph 5)

2) Now is the time to rise from the dark and desolate valley of segregation to the sunlit path of racial justice. (Paragraph 5)

3) Now is the time to make justice a reality for all of God’s children. (Paragraph 5)

8. SATISFIED (adjective)

The word ‘satisfied’ has been used 8 times in the speech. King repeats the word to remind his people and make them realize for what they should get . King wants the black people to think about their rights, not only satisfied for what they have at that time. These are the examples for the use of the word ‘satisfied‘ :

1) We can never be satisfied as long as the Negro is the victim of the unspeakable horrors of police brutality. (Paragraph 9)

2) We cannot be satisfied as long as the negro’s basic mobility is from a smaller ghetto to a larger one. (Paragraph 9)

3) We cannot be satisfied as long as a Negro in Mississippi cannot vote and a Negro in New York believes he has nothing for which to vote. (Paragraph 9)

9. FAITH (noun)

The word ‘faith’ has been used 5 times in the speech. King uses ‘faith’ to show the strong feeling or confidence in getting the freedom for the blacks. These are the examples for the use of the word ‘faith’ :

1) This is our hope, and this is the faith that I go back to the South with. (Paragraph 22)

2) With this faith, we will be able to transform the jangling discords of our nation into a beautiful symphony of brotherhood. (Paragraph 22)

3) With this faith, we will be able to work together, to pray together, to struggle together, to go to jail together, to stand up for freedom together, knowing that we will be free one day. (Paragraph 22)

10. GREAT (adjective)

The word ‘great’ has been used 5 times in the speech. It is used to emphasize and to modifies the word after the word ‘great’; someone or something based on the context of the sentences. These are the examples for the use of the word ‘great’ :

1) Five score years ago, a great American, in whose symbolic shadow we stand today, signed the Emancipation Proclamation. (Paragraph 2)

2) This momentous decree came as a great beacon light of hope to millions of Negro slaves who had been seared in the flames of withering injustice. (Paragraph 2)

3)  We refuse to believe that there are insufficient funds in the great vaults of opportunity of this nation. (Paragraph 5)

Overall, the speech is very much loaded with rhetorical techniques. King as an accomplished civil rights leader is a very accomplished writer. His words are very hopeful and deliberate. He is very conscious of his audience, and he is very commanding of his wording to avoid hurting his credibility with this audience. However, King takes the right kinds of chances rhetorically. I believe that this speech is one of the better written works that I have had the chance to read. (Wilkenfeld,2011)

With the help of a software called AntConc, I manage to finish my assignments given by Dr. Zaini and Dr. Zul.

B. Concordance

Besides that, each group is assign to determine the frequency, the manner and the meaning of the phrase in the speech context.

There are 10 phrases which is:

1. I have a dream
2. One hundred years
3. We refuse
4. Satisfied
5. Now is the time
6. With this faith
7. Go back
8. This will be the day
9. Free at last
10. Let freedom ring

My group is responsible to analyse the “With this faith” phrase. Here are my finding.
i.  The frequency

By using the AntConc application, we have found 3 concordance hits of the phrase “With this faith”


With this faith, we will be able to hew out of the mountain of despair a stone of hope. With this faith, we will be able to transform the jangling discords of our nation into a beautiful symphony of brotherhood. With this faith, we will be able to work together, to pray together, to struggle together, to go to jail together, to stand up for freedom together, knowing that we will be free one day.” (Paragraph 26)

King repeated the phrase “with this faith” three times in his speech. What did he mean for the phrase was their hope of being FREEDOM in their own land.  He believed that all people are created equal and, although not the case in America at the time, King felt it must be the case for the future. He argued passionately and powerfully. King was trying very hard to persuade the people and nation to follow him.

ii) The Manner

Anaphora, the repetition of a phrase at the beginning of sentences, is a rhetorical tool employed throughout the speech, “With this faith”.
The use of parallelism makes the phrase memorable. The audience will remember longer if you desired to freshen the crowd. It will make people ready to fight…peacefully, of course.

With this faith, we will be able to work together, to pray together, to struggle together, to go to jail together, to stand up for freedom together, knowing that we will be free one day.

Video

I Have A Dream – Martin Luther King

I Have A Dream – Martin Luther King Jr.
As pronounced to the march on Washington, DC, 28 August 1963.

I am happy to join with you today in what will go down in history as the greatest demonstration for freedom in the history of our nation.

Five score years ago, a great American, in whose symbolic shadow we stand today, signed the Emancipation Proclamation. This momentous decree came as a great beacon light of hope to millions of Negro slaves who had been seared in the flames of withering injustice. It came as a joyous daybreak to end the long night of their captivity.

But one hundred years later, the Negro still is not free. One hundred years later, the life of the Negro is still sadly crippled by the manacles of segregation and the chains of discrimination. One hundred years later, the Negro lives on a lonely island of poverty in the midst of a vast ocean of material prosperity. One hundred years later, the Negro is still languished in the corners of American society and finds himself an exile in his own land. And so we’ve come here today to dramatize a shameful condition.

In a sense we’ve come to our nation’s capital to cash a check. When the architects of our republic wrote the magnificent words of the constitution and the Declaration of Independence, they were signing a promissory note to which every American was to fall heir. This note was a promise that all men, yes, black men as well as white men, would be guaranteed the “unalienable Rights” of “Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness.”

It is obvious today that America has defaulted on this promissory note, insofar as her citizens of color are concerned. Instead of honoring this sacred obligation, America has given the Negro people a bad check, a check which has come back marked “insufficient funds.” But we refuse to believe that the bank of justice is bankrupt. We refuse to believe that there are insufficient funds in the great vaults of opportunity of this nation. And so, we’ve come to cash this check, a check that will give us upon demand the riches of freedom and the security of justice. We have also come to this hallowed spot to remind America of the fierce urgency of Now. This is no time to engage in the luxury of cooling off or to take the tranquilizing drug of gradualism. Now is the time to make real the promises of democracy. Now is the time to rise from the dark and desolate valley of segregation to the sunlit path of racial justice. Now is the time to lift our nation from the quicksands of racial injustice to the solid rock of brotherhood. Now is the time to make justice a reality for all of God’s children.

It would be fatal for the nation to overlook the urgency of the moment. This sweltering summer of the Negro’s legitimate discontent will not pass until there is an invigorating autumn of freedom and equality. Nineteen sixty-three is not an end, but a beginning. And those who hope that the Negro needed to blow off steam and will now be content will have a rude awakening if the nation returns to business as usual. And there will be neither rest nor tranquility in America until the Negro is granted his citizenship rights. The whirlwinds of revolt will continue to shake the foundations of our nation until the bright day of justice emerges.

But there is something that I must say to my people, who stand on the warm threshold which leads into the palace of justice: In the process of gaining our rightful place, we must not be guilty of wrongful deeds. Let us not seek to satisfy our thirst for freedom by drinking from the cup of bitterness and hatred.

We must forever conduct our struggle on the high plane of dignity and discipline. We must not allow our creative protest to degenerate into physical violence. Again and again, we must rise to the majestic heights of meeting physical force with soul force. The marvelous new militancy which has engulfed the Negro community must not lead us to a distrust of all white people, for many of our white brothers, as evidenced by their presence here today, have come to realize that their destiny is tied up with our destiny. And they have come to realize that their freedom is inextricably bound to our freedom.We cannot walk alone.

And as we walk, we must make the pledge that we shall always march ahead. We cannot turn back. There are those who are asking the devotees of civil rights, “When will you be satisfied?” We can never be satisfied as long as the Negro is the victim of the unspeakable horrors of police brutality. We can never be satisfied as long as our bodies, heavy with the fatigue of travel, cannot gain lodging in the motels of the highways and the hotels of the cities. *We cannot be satisfied as long as the negro’s basic mobility is from a smaller ghetto to a larger one. We can never be satisfied as long as our children are stripped of their self-hood and robbed of their dignity by a sign stating: “For Whites Only.”* We cannot be satisfied as long as a Negro in Mississippi cannot vote and a Negro in New York believes he has nothing for which to vote. No, no, we are not satisfied, and we will not be satisfied until “justice rolls down like waters, and righteousness like a mighty stream.”

I am not unmindful that some of you have come here out of great trials and tribulations. Some of you have come fresh from narrow jail cells. And some of you have come from areas where your quest — quest for freedom left you battered by the storms of persecution and staggered by the winds of police brutality. You have been the veterans of creative suffering. Continue to work with the faith that unearned suffering is redemptive.

Go back to Mississippi, go back to Alabama, go back to South Carolina, go back to Georgia, go back to Louisiana, go back to the slums and ghettos of our northern cities, knowing that somehow this situation can and will be changed. Let us not wallow in the valley of despair.

I say to you today, my friends. And so even though we face the difficulties of today and tomorrow,

I still have a dream. It is a dream deeply rooted in the American dream.

I have a dream that one day this nation will rise up and live out the true meaning of its creed: “We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal.”

I have a dream that one day on the red hills of Georgia, the sons of former slaves and the sons of former slave owners will be able to sit down together at the table of brotherhood.

I have a dream that one day even the state of Mississippi, a state sweltering with the heat of injustice, sweltering with the heat of oppression, will be transformed into an oasis of freedom and justice.

I have a dream that my four little children will one day live in a nation where they will not be judged by the color of their skin but by the content of their character.

I have a dream today!

I have a dream that one day, down in Alabama, with its vicious racists, with its governor having his lips dripping with the words of “interposition” and “nullification” — one day right there in Alabama little black boys and black girls will be able to join hands with little white boys and white girls as sisters and brothers.

I have a dream today!

I have a dream that one day every valley shall be exalted, and every hill and mountain shall be made low, the rough places will be made plain, and the crooked places will be made straight; “and the glory of the Lord shall be revealed and all flesh shall see it together.”

This is our hope, and this is the faith that I go back to the South with. With this faith, we will be able to hew out of the mountain of despair a stone of hope. With this faith, we will be able to transform the jangling discords of our nation into a beautiful symphony of brotherhood. With this faith, we will be able to work together, to pray together, to struggle together, to go to jail together, to stand up for freedom together, knowing that we will be free one day.

And this will be the day — this will be the day when all of God’s children will be able to sing with new meaning:My country ’tis of thee, sweet land of liberty, of thee I sing. Land where my fathers died, land of the Pilgrim’s pride. From every mountainside, let freedom ring!

And if America is to be a great nation, this must become true. And so let freedom ring from the prodigious hilltops of New Hampshire. Let freedom ring from the mighty mountains of New York. Let freedom ring from the heightening Alleghenies of Pennsylvania.

Let freedom ring from the snow-capped Rockies of Colorado!

Let freedom ring from the curvaceous slopes of California!

But not only that: Let freedom ring from Stone Mountain of Georgia!

Let freedom ring from Lookout Mountain of Tennessee!

Let freedom ring from every hill and molehill of Mississippi. From every mountainside, let freedom ring.

And when this happens, when we allow freedom ring, when we let it ring from every village and every hamlet, from every state and every city, we will be able to speed up that day when all of God’s children, black men and white men, Jews and Gentiles, Protestants and Catholics, will be able to join hands and sing in the words of the old Negro spiritual: Free at last! Free at last!

Thank God Almighty, we are free at last!